A dive into the Synthetix Ecosystem on Optimism

This blog dives into the Synthetix Ecosystem on Optimism with protocols such Lyra, Kwenta, Dhedge, Aelin, Polynomial, and more!

A dive into the Synthetix Ecosystem on Optimism
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This contribution has been provided by an SNX community member. While Synthetix has reviewed the content for veracity, these views are not necessarily endorsed by Synthetix.

Interested in contributing as a community member? Reach out to Mike or Matt via SNX's Discord.

Alright Spartans (and future Spartans) alot has been happening at Synthetix this year. If you want to play catch up then you need to checkout this blog Synthetix recently released:

Synthetix 2022 Release Milestones - Halfway Review and Deep Dive
We’ve reached the year’s halfway point, so it’s a good time to revisit key milestones for 2022. It’s been an exciting six months thus far with several highly anticipated features hitting mainnet and driving $100-200m in daily trading volume through the Synthetix protocol. As Kain mentioned on Twitte…

You now understand that Perps V2 and Synthetix V3 is coming! These new updates are going to kick protocol fee generation into OVERDRIVE while improving the code and user experience! Making Synthetix the GOLD standard for revenue sharing tokens!

Lets slow down for a minute, and learn about why Synthetix chose Optimism in the first place. Ethereum’s high gas fees make trading synths on Synthetix expensive and compress $SNX staking returns. Creating, redeeming, and trading synths are all complex transactions, so Synthetix is a gas guzzler. This is why Synthetix chose to deploy its staking code on Optimism January 2021.

The Optimistic Ethereum Transition
With the launch of Optimistic Ethereum (OΞ) mainnet in a few days we areentering a new era for the project, OΞ presents an opportunity to scale theprotocol but it also presents a number of challenges. One of the most criticalis how to gracefully transition from L1 to

The reduction in gas fees on Optimism has created a huge flywheel effect for Synthetix and its stakers. Many articles have been put out for how to stake $SNX, and its benefits to stakers, but this is the best one:

Basics of Staking SNX - 2022
💡Staking variables change regularly based on governance action. This guide has been updated as of 7/28/22. Current Target C-Ratio: 400% For more updated information, monitor Synthetix governance votes and the SIP/SCCP repo. Synthetix staking is vastly different from other DeFi protocols; it allo…

In Summary if you stake SNX you get two kinds of rewards you can claim each week: sUSD fees generated from traders (fees collected from Kwenta Futures, Lyra, Kwenta Spot, atomic swaps, Polynomial, etc) and SNX inflationary rewards - current APY is 75%

With Optimism incentivizing new users to come to the ecosystem, massive onboarding is occurring.  Synthetix and its ecosystem is looking ripe for huge growth and revenue generation!

OPtimism recently passed Arbitrum and sits at 1.1 Billion TVL.  In 30 days TVL is up 282%. Follow the money…

Optimism sits at #8 currently with 1.1 Billion TVL

Current protocols on Optimism are showing huge increases in TVL in the past 30 days. Synthetix is up 77% TVL in one month!

The Synthetix ecosystem is rapidly increasing in TVL in the past 30 days

Analysts at Messari speculate OP will be a 9 billion marketcap so let that sink in on protocol TVL and revenue. This article can be found here:

Checkout this twitter thread to get the TLDR on what Synthetix is up to, and why protocol revenue is going to explode (Perps V2 and V3 baby!) for Synthetix over the coming months:

9,000,000 $OP tokens have been sent to Synthetix’s Treasury Council. They have just started distributing them out, with current incentives on Curve and Velodrome!

SIP-242 spells out a rough framework on what they plan to do with all the $OP!

Lets explore the current Synthetix ecosystem in Optimism, and a few other protocols that are great to have here:

Kwenta:

Kwenta is a decentralized derivatives trading platform, live on Optimism, offering real-world and on-chain synthetic assets using the power of the Synthetix protocol.

Kwenta has two products it offers; Swaps and Futures (up to x25x leverage). Although Futures will be the flagship offering of Kwenta. Kwenta will support easy swaps of Synthetic assets similar to the likes of 1inch and uniswap. With the passage of KIP-21, Kwenta’s Synthswap can enable the exchange of any ERC20 tokens for any synths (and vice versa).

Current interface of Futures on Kwenta

Despite being a Beta platform, Kwenta has reached $3.85 billion USD in trading volume through Organic use with no trading incentives.

$SNX Stakers have received $13.5 million in trading fees from Kwenta this year; checkout all the latest Futures analytics here:

Dune
Blockchain ecosystem analytics by and for the community. Explore and share data from Ethereum, xDai, Polygon, Optimism, BSC and Solana for free.

What is coming to Kwenta? When Synthetix comes out with Perps V2 here soon it will significantly improve user experience with lower fees and more predictable funding rates, and increase open interest limits and support more markets! This will benefit anyone building ontop of Synthetix Perps - including Kwenta.

Kwenta has alot on the roadmap for 2nd half 2022:

2nd half 2022 Kwenta Roadmap

What alot of traders have been waiting for is Advance Orders (stop loss, limit orders, etc) and Cross Margin! They are on the roadmap and will be delivered soon!

Kwenta is receiving 900,000 $OP tokens to onramp new users and incentivize trading. Here is a review of what they plan to do with them:

Lyra:

Lyra is an options automated market maker (AMM) that allows traders to buy and sell options on cryptocurrencies (currently $ETH and $BTC) against a pool of liquidity. The Lyra protocol has two key user groups, liquidity providers and options traders. Liquidity providers (LPs) deposit sUSD (a stablecoin) into one of the asset-specific Lyra Market Maker Vaults (MMVs). This liquidity is used to make two-sided (buy and sell) options markets for the asset that the vault specifies (e.g. ETH Market Maker Vault LPs quote options on ETH). LPs deposit liquidity to the vault to earn the fees paid when options are traded. Traders use Lyra to trade options. They can either buy options from or sell options to the MMV. Traders pay fees (in the form of the market-making spread) to LPs, as compensation for their liquidity.

Current trading interface at Lyra

Lyra uses the Synthetix Protocol in three different ways:

  1. As a settlement currency (All options are quoted, paid for, and settled with Synthetic USD or sUSD.)
  2. As collateral for calls (The AMM collateralizes the calls it sells with the relevant synth. For example, when the AMM sells an sETH call it will purchase 1 sETH from Synthetix. On expiry (or when the option is sold) the AMM will sell the sETH for sUSD and allow the option holder to settle.)
  3. For delta hedging (The protocol aims to keep the exposure of liquidity providers close to delta-neutral. It does this either by longing or short selling the underlying asset on Synthetix. For example, if the AMM is long 500 sETH deltas, it may short sell 500 sETH using Synthetix's short-selling functionality. )

Lyra upgraded the protocol recently to Avalon. Traders will now have access to:

  • 100 strike/expiry combinations
  • Partially collateralized options selling (3-4x improvements in yield)

Liquidity providers will:

  • Be able to enter/exit the market maker vaults at any time
  • Generate more fees thanks to partial collateralization
  • Collect the lion’s share of liquidation fees generated on the protocol

Avalon centers around three big breakthroughs in the protocol:

  • Anytime market-maker vault (MMV) entry/exit (LPs will now be able to deposit and withdraw funds from the market maker vault at any time)
  • Rolling expiries out to 3 months
  • Partial collateralization for options selling

Since the Avalon upgrade the AMM is performing beautifully even when $Eth was falling or rising.

What’s to come?

Lyra recently received their 3,000,000 $OP and now plans to SUPERCHARGE the protocol and RAMP up growth. Leap-26 was passed recently which spells out the framework on how Lyra plans to do this.

LEAP-26: Bridging Tokenomics until xLYRA

Currently you can take your Lyra and single stake it and receive $Lyra and $OP. Staking Lyra will also give you a boosting effect (up to 2x) to Market-Maker Vault rewards. MMV rewards are $Lyra and $OP tokens. For more info:

Avalon Incentives are live!
After a month of unincentivized activity on the new Avalon release of the Lyra protocol: LPs have generated 2.8% returns on capital deposited on day 1$20m+ notional volume and $1m+ premiums have been tradedMarket-Maker Vault utilization has been consistently maxed out It’s time to add some fuel

Traders will now be eligible for a rebate on fees paid for opening and closing trades in a blend of both LYRA and OP rewards. The fee rebate percentage will grow logarithmically up to a maximum of 50% based on how much LYRA the trader has staked. For the specifics check out LEAP-26 and if you’ve been waiting on the sidelines to stake or trade now is the time!

Make sure you stay up to date with Lyra with their community ran newsletter:

Polynomial:

Polynomial automates financial derivative strategies to create products that deliver passive yield on various assets, and is built on top of Lyra. Currently, Polynomial has covered calls, put sell strategies on the platform. Through the use of a weekly automated covered call strategy, the vault generates a return on its deposits. In order to effectively compound the returns for depositors over time, the vault reinvests the yield gained back into the strategy. Vaults only accept synthetic assets (sUSD for put/call-selling vaults, sUSD for Gamma vault, and sETH for call selling Eth vault).

Polynomial recently upgraded the protocol to V2, where all vaults upgraded to the Lyra Avalon upgrade. This gives Polynomial instant deposits (within 1 hour), multiple strikes will be sold to reduce risk, partially collateralized vault, a short vol vault collateralized by sUSD, a basis trading vault using Synthetix Futures, and a gamma vault.

Polynomial recently had a community call where they gave an update on their OP token distribution, V2 launch, and updates on Gamma and Basis vault!

You can listen to this awesome call here:

The Gamma Vault runs a fully on-chain delta neutral strategy combing options and futures powered by Synthetix Futures and Lyra!

Thales:

Thales is a decentralized protocol that allows users to take part in peer-to-peer Parimutuel Markets on Optimism and Polygon. The simple but powerful smart contracts at the foundation of Thales Market allow you to participate in markets for different crypto assets. Thales protocol continues to innovate by offering community based games like Thales Royale and more advanced trading products like Ranged Markets. Traders can take part in custom markets and speculate on real-world events (like timing "The flippening") in an uncensorable and fully permissionless way using the Exotic Markets platform.

What is unique about the positional tokens (UP, DOWN, IN or OUT) there are no liquidations involved, you can only lose what you risk on each market and no more!

Current Thales interface

If you never used Thales, checkout this awesome market walk through (my favorite market is the $SNX UP):

Unlike Synthetix where fees are distributed to stakers, Thales is implementing a buyback and burn feature (every 24 hours)  using a portion of the fees generated from their protocol and products (Overtime and Exotic Markets). This is outlined in TIP-50

thales-improvement-proposals/TIP-50.md at main · thales-markets/thales-improvement-proposals
Contribute to thales-markets/thales-improvement-proposals development by creating an account on GitHub.

Right now Thales is distributing their 900,000 $OP tokens for using their protocol and products.

This includes UP and DOWN token buyers, Ranged IN or OUT token buyers, Staking, LPing, using Overtime Markets and Exotic Markets! This tweet sums it up

Dune dashboard:

Dune
Blockchain ecosystem analytics by and for the community. Explore and share data from Ethereum, xDai, Polygon, Optimism, BSC and Solana for free.

An incredible writeup about Thales can be found here:

[SPONSORED] Thales: Unleashing the power of positional markets - The Defiant
Thales market is both a protocol and a platform where you can participate in different positional markets with easy to understand derivatives.

Overtime Markets: Overtime is the first fully decentralized sports markets platform! Thales AMM model allows Overtime to create instant liquidity around sports markets.

They recently announced a FPL league with 10,000 Thales in prizes. If you are into sports betting then Overtime is your platform to use, who needs draftkings when there is Overtime Markets! Earn $OP while betting on your favorite sports team!

Currently Overtime has MLB, MLS, NFL, and the MMA. Many more leagues are to come, including the much anticipated NBA and NHL.

Sport Positional Markets built on Thales
Sports Markets AMM

Exotic Markets: Exotic Markets was built by community members on top of Thales smart contracts, allowing anyone to create custom markets in a decentralized way.

Current Exotic Markets interface

Want to bet on current politics, sports, crypto, finance, or popculture ? Then you need to check this out! My favorite market is if Optimism will have more than 1 billion TVL on November 1st, 2022 - all you have to do is choose Yes or No, and wait for the time to pass.

Exotic markets built on Thales protocol
Permisionless on-chain positional markets built on top of Thales

Dhedge/Toros: ​dHEDGE is a platform for managing investment activities on the Ethereum blockchain where you can put your capital to work in different strategies based on a transparent track record. On dHEDGE, managers can trade synthetic crypto, fx, commodities, and even equities - both long and short.

dHEDGE leverages the Synthetix protocol and their zero-slippage model. They have risk-adjusted ranking of managers which makes it easy for investors to find really the really good managers. As with most DeFi protocols, dHEDGE is non-custodial in nature, meaning that investors remain in control at all time and choose to enter or exit a pool at any time.

The dHEDGE token, $DHT, serves multiple functions:

  1. Facilitate decentralized governance
  2. Incentivize investors to pool assets with top-performing managers
  3. Incentivize managers to earn greater return

DHT distributed via staking and performance mining is done by increasing the circulating supply of DHT (inflation). Tokens distributed via the Protocol Treasury are done by liquidating a portion of the fees the protocol captures (protocol revenue).

Rewards - dHEDGE Docs
Breakdown of rewards distributed to DHT stakers

Want to see what Dhedge has this year and what their current roadmap is, then check this out!

dHEDGE Q2 2022 Update
Q2 2022 was unfortunately notable for some hugely significant DeFi catastrophes;such as Terra/Luna imploding, the insolvency of Three Arrows Capital, Celsiuslocking investor funds, increasing FUD around the stability of Tether, andknock-on effects to the rest of the ecosystem caused by any or all…

Dhedge has been leaking all kinds of Alpha on their twitter. It appears managers may soon be able to use Lyra and Kwenta !

Toros Finance is a dHEDGE incubated protocol integrating Aave and 1inch. Toros Finance aims to simplify access to complex derivative strategies, safely, via offering these strategies through a single token. Toros Finance offers a suite of on-chain tokenized derivatives products. Currently Toros is deployed on Polygon and Optimism.

Current interface for Toros

Toros volume exploded when they released the Synthetix Debt Hedge token on Optimism.

dHEDGE Debt Mirror Index Token - Live on Optimism
Synthetix has partnered with dHEDGE to deploy a one-click debt mirror index for SNX stakers on Optimism. Initially, this tool was launched onto mainnet, but it is now live on Optimism. With this tool, each staker can hedge their exposure to the debt pool. Main article points: * dHEDGE & Toros Fi…

Starting soon you can earn $OP while you hedge your debt! This is amazing for any Synthetix Staker who wants to properly manage their debt!

Aelin:

Most VCs get a bad rep in crypto, and for a good reason. Aelin plans to fix that, as raises on Aelin tend to help the community and give organic growths to protocols. If you didn’t know already Aelin is a protocol that enables the decentralization of the fundraising process.

Instead of having to rely on a VC to fund your project and potentially not align with your community and goals, you can sell directly to your community and still see your protocol goals comes to fruition.

A raise with Aelin can be done in four steps:

  1. Create a Pool and present deal terms
  2. Investors deposit capital
  3. Exchange investment tokens for deal tokens
  4. Done!
Current Aelin interface

Currently Aelin received 900,000 $OP tokens and is partnering with Velodrome on Optimism to help distribute these $OP tokens.

Aelin is distributing voting rewards (also called "bribes") in OP in order to maximize the VELO rewards emitted to the AELIN/WETH pool. This means LPs will be earning VELO instead of AELIN. It is important to note that the Velodrome DAO will be matching rewards with Aelin treasury making emissions of VELO larger than the previous token incentive program.

As described in AELIP-22, the current distribution of OP will follow the plan below: 40% to LP stakers (AELIN/ETH), or equivalent program to maintain liquidity on the AELIN/ETH pair 60% to a pool incentive program OP tokens will be taken from the 40% kept to reward LPs. A total of $16,000 USD in OP will be taken from this allocation to run this trial. If results are satisfying at the end of the 4 weeks, another AELIP might be presented to extend this program. This is spelled out here:

Velodrome Aelin/WETH Pool 2 Incentives - Trial Program
With the implementation of AELIP 28 - The Aelin Treasury has just begun incentivizing AELIN/WETH liquidity providers on Velodrome with a trial program of $4,000 USD (paid in Optimism tokens) per week. Please read more if you’re interested in earning LP rewards with your Aelin.

A recent project using Aelin for a raise is Muse Group:

That ends the Synthetix ecosystem on Optimism for now, so lets explore some other protocols are becoming symbiotic in the OP ecosystem.

Velodrome:

Velodrome is a decentralized exchange and liquidity marketplace on  Optimism. Their mission is to be the liquidity base layer of Optimism, allowing users to trade digital assets in a secure way, with very low fees and low slippage.

Current Velodrome interface

As an AMM adapted from Solidly, Velodrome shares certain features with AMMs like Uniswap, with certain modifications:

  • trading fee of 0.02%
  • near-zero slippage on uncorrelated or tightly correlated digital assets
  • route trades through stable and volatile asset pairs
  • no-upkeep, flashloan-proof, 30 minute time-weighted average price (TWAP) with direct quoting support

It incorporates elements of Curve, Solidly and Votium with ve(3,3) tokenomoics.

The project has been described as a combo between leading stable liquidity protocol Curve, Andre Cronje’s infamous Solidy, and Votium (a protocol for earning bribes on Curve/Convex).

  1. Velodrome liquidity providers earn VELO emissions
  2. veVELO holders vote on which liquidity pools receive these VELO rewards, and pools earn in proportion to the voting power they accrue per epoch, i.e. each week
  3. veVELO holders then earn from the trading fees generated by the pools they voted for in proportion to their voting power

Finally, veVELO holders also earn from the bribes paid out to the pools they voted for, as well as from veVELO rebases which are non-dilutive, meaning veVELO holders receive veVELO from them rather than VELO

There are two kinds of pools on Velodrome:

  1. “Variable Pools” for uncorrelated assets, like its SNX/sUSD pair.
  2. “Stable Pools” for correlated assets, like its USDC/sUSD stablecoin pair or its WETH/sETH stable asset pair.

Velodrome has a sweet $OP distribution plan to their $veVELO lockers!

Checkout their dune dashboard to follow along on stats:

Dune
Blockchain ecosystem analytics by and for the community. Explore and share data from Ethereum, xDai, Polygon, Optimism, BSC and Solana for free.

Aave:

Aave V3 needs no introduction, but having them finally on Optimism is a blessing! They recently received 5 million $OP tokens from the OP Foundation.

Once they kicked on incentives the TVL skyrocketed 5000% in 30 days, and now sits at 552 million on Optimism.

Aave TVL Skyrocketing once they started OP incentives

Granary: The Granary is a decentralized, user-driven borrowing and lending liquidity market inspired by AAVE V2. What is not listed on Aave gives Granary their niche for lending on Optimism! Currently you can deposit your $OP tokens and earn 3-25%APY, and then borrow $USDC from 1-3% APY

Granary plans to Launch sUSD and SNX deposits here soon. The roadmap for Granary can be found here:

Roadmap - The Granary

Hint: Their token airdrop on Optimism has not happened yet, and will go to protocol users with more geared towards folks who borrow.

Pickle Finance:

Pickle Finance is a yield aggregator. They aggregate and compound yields from other protocols. It saves you time and money compared to doing it yourself. Yield Aggregators exist for yield farmers (like you) who want to invest money and maximize profits by leveraging different DeFi protocols and strategies for elevated returns.

Pickle Finance makes it easy for you to earn great compounding yields on your deposits, when you don’t have the time to compound it daily or the gas fee is too high for frequent compounding to be done.

They came to Optimism around early February 2022, and recently received 200,000 in $OP tokens to distribute to protocol users!

Pool Together:

Pooltogether is a crypto-powered savings protocol based on Premium bonds. Save money and have a chance to win every week!

PoolTogether on Optimism - PoolTogether User Guide
Optimism offers fast transactions, low fees, and leverages the security the Ethereum network provides.

This is a great place to deposit $USDC you want to save on Optimism. Current yields for $USDC are 10% APR (3% for USDC and 7% OP tokens), with a chance to win daily prizes:

Pool together received 450,000 $OP tokens to distribute to users.

https://medium.com/pooltogether/optimism-rewards-soon-️-8b06d6c8bcc8

Pooltogether recently came out with a new feature that allows users to delegate their yield to other wallets. This means you're giving another wallet additional chances to win prizes without losing custody of the underlying deposit. You share your odds with others but keep the funds.

This is super powerful and can give DAOs the ability to deposit treasury funds and delegate to their users or token-holders, or an individual could delegate to friends and family to effectively onboard them to Defi!

Protocols not mentioned in detail but deserve a HUGE shoutout: Uniswap, 1inch, Curve Without them Synthetix would not be where it is!

All good things must come to an end. I hope you gained something from this!

Fellow Spartans, this is not financial advice, but I leave you with some highly risky (degen) strategies I have heard mentioned in various discords:

Cheers!